What Is Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil?
Beginners in the world of hemp oil or CBD are often mesmerized by all the jargon that gets thrown their way every so often. As they say, the learning curve is steep but gets easier along the way. For starters, what is full-spectrum hemp oil anyway and why should you care about it? This is what this article is about.
Different Compounds in Hemp
If you have been keenly following this space, most likely you have heard about cannabidiol (abbreviated as CBD). What probably you don’t know is that CBD is just one among 114 cannabinoids found in the hemp plant.
If you have heard of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) it is another popular cannabinoid. The same one that is responsible for causing the “typical marijuana high.” Other cannabinoids that you might come across include:
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
- Cannabigerol (CBG)
- Cannabigerivarin (CBGV)
Apart from cannabinoids, the cannabis plant has over 200 aromatic essential oils known as terpenes. Terpenes are responsible for the unique scents produced by different strains of the hemp plant. The most conspicuous terpene is called myrcene, it gives off the typical marijuana musky scent. Other prominent terpenes include limonene, linalool, humulene, caryophyllene, sabene, terpinolene, terpineol, and geraniol.
The other compounds in the hemp plant are called flavonoids. These compounds give hemp (as well as other plants) their unique colors. For example, anthocyanin is responsible for the purple color in grapes, purple cabbage, and some strains of hemp.
The Whole Is Greater Than the Sum Of Parts
What happens when all these compounds come together? You get a full-spectrum hemp extract.
Earlier on it was believed that CBD acting alone would produce stronger healing effects. However, some later studies showed that the reverse is true. When terpenes, flavonoids, and extra cannabinoids are combined the healing effect produced is more powerful and lasts for longer. Therefore, the effect is not equal to the sum of parts but greater than the sum of parts.
This was illustrated clearly by a study conducted by the University of Jerusalem in 2015. The study was led by Dr. Robert Mechoulam and was titled, “Overcoming the bell-shaped dose-response curve of cannabidiol.”
This study demonstrated that when CBD is administered alone, the effects plateau after hitting a certain climax. Further administration of CBD does not lead to greater effects. However, when a full-spectrum extract is used, the effects overcome the plateau effect and become stronger and more sustained.
What Is Full-spectrum Hemp Oil?
This is hemp oil that not only contains CBD but contains a mix of cannabinoids and terpenes as well. Full-spectrum hemp oil has the added advantage of providing entourage benefits. This means that the healing benefits from full-spectrum hemp oil far outweigh those of pure CBD oil.
Will Full-spectrum Hemp Oil Make Me high?
Full-spectrum hemp oil will not make you high. This is because it contains negligible amounts of THC (always less than 0.02%). Cannabis strains that cause psychoactive effects usually contain over 10% THC. So the amount of THC, if any, in full-spectrum hemp oil never cuts the threshold for causing a change in mental status.